GRADUATE CONFERENCE - RETHINKING THE HISTORY OF MODERN POLITICAL CONCEPTS RACE AND DIVISION OF LABOUR IN GLOBAL WESTERN EMPIRES, 1791-1888
University of Virginia, Charlottesville
RETHINKING THE HISTORY OF MODERN POLITICAL CONCEPTS
RACE AND DIVISION OF LABOUR IN GLOBAL WESTERN EMPIRES, 1791-1888
Graduate Conference of the Institute of the Humanities & Global Cultures and the Academy of Global Humanities and Critical Theory
March 16-18, 2018
Keynote address: Prof. Edward E. Baptist (Cornell University)
This conference aims to rethink the history of political thought by “provincializing” its Eurocentric canon. We invite contributions that rethink the (re-)formation of modern political concepts, particularly in relation to race and division of labor, during a dynamic 19th century. Drawing on global history and the history from below, the conference will focus on the worldwide metamorphosis of European empires and the U.S. beginning with the Haitian Revolution (1791) until the abolition of slavery in Brazil (1888).
The ideological innovations and political transformations brought by the “Age of Revolutions” pushed global empires to reformulate the authority/obedience relationship within a new conceptual framework of formal liberty and equality among citizens. On the one hand, the first abolition of slavery achieved by enslaved Africans in Haiti compelled European powers to rethink the division of labor. On the other hand, the notion of “race” emerged as a historically specific lens through which empires rearticulated conceptions of “liberty”, “equality”, “citizenship”, and “humanity” and laid the foundations of European theories of sovereignty. Calling into question the binary opposition between European rule of law and its colonial exception, as well as examining the liberal myth of violence as a mere “colonial” technique of government, the conference welcomes contributions focused on norms acting both within and outside the metropoles of globally extensive empires, and investigate the ways in which a racial division of labor worked on a global scale with varying modes of operation in specific contexts.
The conference also aims to highlight conflict and change, and explore emergent political challenges from below that forced administrative authorities and emerging political subjects to reformulate political concepts at a time of political transformation.
Moving from the colonial interplay between racialization and division of labor, we intend to host a dialogue on the theoretical relevance of “imperial history” and “global labor history” for a critical theory of modern political concepts. History of political concepts still appears detached from the material dimension implied in the concrete practices of imperial administration as well as from innovative discourses on freedom developed by emergent and oppositional political subjects of this period of history. The roots of such an intellectual operation should rely on a dialogue between scholarly efforts and non- academic “subaltern” historiographies, carried out by political movements and traditions such as Latin American Marxism, the black radical tradition, and other anti-imperialist discourses.
We invite graduate student papers on topics including, but not limited to:
• Race, gender, and class struggle
• Colonial administration and management
• The birth of “free” labor: French and British abolitionist debates
• The Haitian Revolution
• Indigenous peoples in colonial and postcolonial Latin America
• Imperial borders and the production of space
• Control, policing, and profiling on/of workers’ mobility
• Labor and citizenship
• Genealogies of global governance, finance, and division of labor
• Provincializing the Atlantic: slavery and forced labor in the Indian and Pacific oceans
• Conceptions of race and labor before and after the U.S. Civil War
• Reframing the archives: subaltern historiographies
Matilde Cazzola (Unibo), Swati Chawla (UVA), Martino Sacchi (Unibo - Paris 1), Can Evren (Duke), Lorenzo Ravano (Unibo)
Raffaele Laudani (Unibo), Marcus Rediker (Pitt), Sandro Mezzadra (Unibo), Anthony Bogues (Brown), Lawrie Balfour (UVA), Prathama Banerjee (CSDS), Prasenjit Duara (Duke), Verónica Gago (UNSAM)
Interested graduate students are required to complete and submit the application form and upload an abstract (max. 300 words)
The deadline for submission is December 10, 2017 at 3.00 pm (GMT +1)
Selected applicants will be notified by December 31, 2017.
WORKSHOP - MODERN-COLONIAL GEOGRAPHIES IN LATIN AMERICA THE MIRAGE OF THE CIVILIZING CITY AND THE ARCHAIC COUNTRYSIDE
London (King’s College)
MODERN-COLONIAL GEOGRAPHIES IN LATIN AMERICA
THE MIRAGE OF THE CIVILIZING CITY AND THE ARCHAIC COUNTRYSIDE
April 5-6, 2018
Keynote Speaker: Bernardo Mançano Fernandes, São Paulo State University
we are condemned to be so,
given that the future and the past
(Octavio Paz, 1966: 5)
Invitation to International Workshop
The production of colonial landscapes has affected the ways in which ‘modern’ space is imagined, narrated, and exploited. Moreover, the materiality of colonial and postcolonial practices has further contributed to shape hierarchical relationships across Latin American societies. As a result, urban and rural spaces, rather than being thought of as linear and dualistic forms, seem to constitute a contradictory and problematic relationship.
The workshop encourages to engage with social, political, and cultural aspects which are capable of reflecting upon the complexity of Latin America’s rural and urban geographies. On the one hand, the continent has been traditionally imagined as a rural space due to both its essential role as world exporter of primary resources and to its formidable peasantry struggles in the twentieth century. On the other hand, paradoxically, ever since the colonial period, cities have represented the core of the social and political organization, eventually becoming a strategic tool to ‘modernize’ and ‘civilize’ the postcolonial countries. This controversial urban/rural relationship was originally investigated in the 1960s and 1970s by the ‘Dependency Theory’ thinkers, who analyzed the dramatic growth experienced by Latin American cities from the beginning of the twentieth century onwards (Quijano 1967, 1977; Schteingart 1973; Cardoso 1975; Hardoy 1975). However, over the last decades, such systematic approach to the urban/rural question seems to have lost its centrality, even in those studies which critically investigated Latin America such as, but not only, ‘Postcolonial’ (Rodríguez 2001; Rivera Cusicanqui et al. 2010) and ‘Decolonial’ Studies (Dussel 1995; Lander 2000; Quijano 2000, Mignolo 2000; Escobar 2004).
As Mignolo suggests, the visibility of the ‘colonial difference’ emerges with the independence movements from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries (Mignolo 2000: 36). The myth of modernity appears when the Western hemisphere became something in itself - capitalism and modernity appear to emerge from Europe becoming the center of the world - and the colonized periphery re-emerges, in its redemptive sacrifice, as civilization (Dussel, 1993: 65). This intricate violent relation between the core and the periphery, between colonial violence and modern space, was foundational in articulating the new global geographies of power. The workshop invites to discuss these ‘colonial grounds’ (Machado Aráoz 2014) which characterize the modern experience of the entangled geographies of urban and rural Latin America. This approach aims to move beyond the binary division between rural and urban studies, exploring instead their connected emergence and dialectical transformation within colonial and postcolonial systems of power. Through discourses and material enactments the workshop attempts to recover the historical foundations of modernity and its contested contemporary forms and investigate how colonial relationships become spatialized in Latin American territories.
The event aims to gather early scholars and PhD students and discuss the proposed themes. The workshop’s objective is to organize a special issue to be published in a journal relevant to the field. The organization will provide grants (8 to 12, up to €500) to cover part of the expenses. To be considered for a grant, please write a few lines justifying your request when submitting an abstract. There is no registration fee.
The workshop welcomes contributions from any critical perspective and focuses on three main areas:
(a) Infrastructures and systems of circulation: between weaves and grids, movements and fixity. This section focuses on how materiality affects the production of space and social relations (Blomley 2007; Federici 2004; Katz 1998). We ask how these material devices are used for resistance under extractive capitalism? And historically what devices have managed to discipline population and how they have been transfigured?
(b) Extractive geographies: the docile city and the violent countryside. This section is interested in exploring the dilemmas of environmental degradation and development (Gudynas, 2009). We are interested in exploring the changing relation between urban and rural discourses under the expansion of extractive capitalism (Gago & Mezzadra 2015; Webber 2015; Svampa 2013).
(c) Citying failure: architecture as colonial violence and its resistance. This section considers a broad range of architecture topics, from subaltern modern forms of livelihoods to historical role of colonial and global city ports (Codebò 2015; Gordillo 2017; McGuirk 2014) in relation to urban/rural planning. We explore the narratives and strategies which have been shaping Latin American urban geographies
● For details on the call for papers go to https://moderncolonialgeographies.wordpress.com/
● The format of the workshop will consist of a paper presentation (20min) followed by a collective discussion (10min).
How to apply
● We welcome submissions of abstracts of no more than 500 words to be sent to Mara Duer and Simone Vegliò to firstname.lastname@example.org by 1st December 2017.
● If accepted, full papers must be submitted by 1st March 2018
● The workshop is funded by: The Academy of Global Humanities and Critical Theory (http://aghct.org/), promoted by University of Bologna, Duke University, University of Virginia.
● Organizers: Mara Duer (University of Warwick), Simone Vegliò (King’s College London)
Blomley, N. (2007). Making Private Property: Enclosure, Common Right and the Work of Hedges. Rural History. 18(1): 1-21.
Cardoso, F. (1975). The City and Politics (pp.157-190). In Hardoy, J.E. (Ed.). (1975). Urbanization in Latin America, Approaches and Issues. Garden City, New York, Anchor Books.
Codebò, A. (2015). La ciudad escenográfica: centro y margen en Buenos Aires. Amérique Latine Histoire et Mémoire. Les Cahiers ALHIM (29).
Dussel, E. (1993). Eurocentrism and modernity (Introduction to the Frankfurt Lectures). boundary 2, 20(3), 65-76.Dussel, E. (1995). The Invention of the Americas: Eclipse of "the other" and the myth of modernity. New York, Continuum.
Escobar, A. (2004). Más allá del Tercer Mundo: Globalidad imperial, colonialidad global y movimientos sociales anti-globalización. Nómadas (20): 86-100.
Federici, S. (2004). Caliban and the Witch. New York, Autonomedia.
Gago, V. & Mezzadra, S. (2015). Para una crítica de las operaciones extractivas del capital: patrón de acumulación y luchas sociales en el tiempo de la financiarización. Nueva sociedad, (255), 38-52.
Gordillo, G. (2017, Forthcoming). The Metropolis: The Infrastructure of Empire. In Hetherington, K. (Ed.), Infrastructures, Environment and Life in the Anthropocene. Durham: Duke University Press.
Gudynas, E. (2012). La Crisis Global y el Capitalismo Benévolo de la Nueva Izquierda Criolla (pp.85-102). In: Renunciar al Bien Común. Extractivismo y (pos)desarrollo en América Latina. Buenos Aires: Mardulce.
Hardoy, J. (Ed.). (1975). Urbanization in Latin America, Approaches and Issues. Anchor Press, New York.
Katz, C. (1998). Whose Nature, whose culture? (pp.45-62). In Braun, B. & Castree, N. (Eds.). Remaking reality. London, Routledge.
Lander, E. (Ed.). (2000). La colonialidad del saber: eurocentrismo y ciencias sociales. Perspectivas latinoamericanas. Caracas, IESALC.
Machado Aráoz, H. (2014). Potosi, el origen. Genealogía de la minería contemporánea. Buenos Aires, Mardulce.
McGuirk, J. (2014). Radical cities: Across Latin America in search of a new architecture. London: Verso.
Mignolo, W. (2000). Local histories and global designs: coloniality, border thinking and subaltern knowledges. Princeton, Princeton University Press.
Paz, Octavio (1966) “Prólogo” in Poesía en movimiento, México 1915-1966, México, Siglo XXI.
Quijano, A. (1967). Urbanización, cambio social y dependencia. América Latina. Ensayos de interpretación sociológica. Santiago do Chile, Editorial Universitaria.Quijano, A. (1977). Dependencia, urbanización y cambio social en Latinoamérica. Lima, Mosca Azul Editores.
Quijano, A. (2000). Coloniality of power and Eurocentrism in Latin America. Nepantla, 1(3): 533-580.
Rivera Cusicanqui, S., Hinderer, M., Creischer, A., and Siekmann, A. (2010) Principio Potosí. ¿Cómo podemos cantar el canto del señor en tierra ajena? (Guide Exhibition) Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid.
Rodríguez, I. (Ed.) (2001). The Latin American Subaltern Studies Reader. Durham, Duke University Press.
Schteingart, M. (Ed.). (1973). Urbanización y dependencia en América Latina. Buenos Aires, Ediciones Siap.
Svampa, M. (2013). «Consenso de los Commodities» y lenguajes de valoración en América Latina. Nueva sociedad, 244: 30-46.
Webber, J. (2015). The indigenous community as “living organism”: José Carlos Mariátegui, Romantic Marxism, and extractive capitalism in the Andes. Theory and Society, 44(6): 575–598.
CONFERENCE: TOWARDS A GLOBAL HISTORY OF POLITICAL CONCEPTS. THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS AND PRACTICES
Brown University, Providence (RI)
The Academy of Global Humanities and Critical Theory and
The Africana Studies Department of Brown University Presents
TOWARDS A GLOBAL HISTORY OF POLITICAL CONCEPTS
THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS AND PRACTICES
Brown University, Providence (RI)
April 6th and 7th 2018
Convenors: Anthony Bogues and Raffaele Laudani
Keynote speakers: Wang Hui (Tsinghua University), Lawrie Balfour (UVA),
Murad Idris (UVA), Prathama Banerjee (CSDS, Dehli), Thieven Reddy
(University of Cape Town), Brian Meeks (Brown University), Ronald Judy
(University of Pittsburgh)
CALL FOR PAPERS
The Academy of Global Humanities and Critical Theory has recently launched a research project: Towards a New Global History of Political Thought, coordinated by Anthony Bogues (Brown University) and Raffaele Laudani (University of Bologna). The research group challenges the traditional borders of the history of modern political thought positing a global perspective which displaces the conventional Eurocentric frames. This perspective implies a process of «displacement» and «disorientation» of the cartographic and theoretical framework of the modern as a political concept while going beyond forms of methodological nationalism that has characterized many social and political analysis of political modernity and globalization. More precisely, it means both the provincialization of classical political concepts which are based upon theories originated in Europe. The opening up of the borders of the classical definition and scope of political concepts, and the awareness of their emergence and functioning in a steady confrontation with the challenges posed by the colonial world, by conquest, the deployment of new technologies of rule and the exploitation of the «rest of the World» creates new grounds for exploring the history of political thought. Such a frame goes beyond the conventional notions of liberalism, or conservatism as well as conventional forms of critical theory. It means assuming a decentered perspective in order to grasp the tensions and contradictions which characterize modern political concepts and their histories. On the other hand , it aims at developing a new global lexicon of fundamental political concepts in an effort to grapple with both the history of political thought and to understand the present. Based on the Theses on a Global History of Political Concepts, this first conference aims at discussing the methodological and epistemological framework of a new «global history of political concepts». We invite papers on topics including, but not limited to:
• Spatial and temporal logics of modernity
• Non- Western and new approaches to intellectual/conceptual history
• Reframing the archives: subaltern historiographies and new sources for the history of political thought
• Alternative intellectual and political traditions (especially those emerged in former colonial nations and in contexts of racial domination)
• Reframing the conceptual history of political modernity and of capitalism
• Thinking about the present through alternative modes of political thought
• Any research in political concepts and/or political thinkers assuming the global perspective as its methodological framework
Interested scholars are required to complete and submit their application to email@example.com with an abstract (max. 300 words) for a 20-minute presentation and a short CV (max. 2 pages):
The deadline for submission is February 10, 2018 at 3.00 pm (GMT +1)
Selected applicants will be notified by March 1st, 2018.
Limited grants are available to assist presenters with travel, room, and board.
Please mention in your application if you wish to be considered for a travel bursary and if your participation is contingent upon receiving one.
For further information, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.